Synoptic Problem

Introducing the Synoptic Problem (Part 2)

By Michael Kok, Ph.D. Traditionally, two of the Gospels were attributed to apostles of Jesus (Matthew, John) and the other two to the apostles’ assistants (Mark, Luke) (see my series on Gospel authorship). Yet a careful reader like the theologian Augustine (ca. 354-430 CE) recognized that there had to be a literary relationship between the Gospels, so he concluded that …

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Michael KokIntroducing the Synoptic Problem (Part 2)
Synoptic Problem

Introducing the Synoptic Problem

By Michael Kok, Ph.D. John stands out from the other three New Testament Gospels. John passes over Jesus’ birth, his temptation in the wilderness, his appointment of the apostles, his exorcisms, his ethical teachings in the Sermon on the Mount or Plains, his transformation with Moses and Elijah, his words on the bread and cup at the last supper, or …

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Michael KokIntroducing the Synoptic Problem
Covenant at Creation

Is There a Covenant at Creation?

By George Athas, Ph.D. A covenant is the formal initiation and regulation of a relationship that does not occur naturally. It stipulates who the parties in the relationship are, and what kind of relationship they are entering. In the Bible, God makes a number of covenants with various people at particular times. In each case, God doesn’t merely initiate a …

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George AthasIs There a Covenant at Creation?